English
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##### Eng

There is no field of human endeavour that has been so misunderstood as health. While health which connotes well-being and the absence of illness has a low profile, it is illness representing the failure of health which virtually monopolises attention because of the fear of pain, disability and death. Even Sushruta has warned that this provides the medical practitioner power over the patient which could be misused.

Till recently, patients had implicit faith in their physician whom they loved and respected, not only for his knowledge but also in the total belief that practitioners of this noble profession, guided by ethics, always placed the patient's interest above all other considerations. This rich interpersonal relationship between the physician, patient and family has, barring a few exceptions, prevailed till the recent past, for caring was considered as important as curing. Our indigenous systems of medicine like Ayurveda and yoga have been more concerned with the promotion of both the body and mind and with maintaining a harmonious relationship not just with fellow-beings but with nature itself, of which man is an integral part. Healthy practices like cleanliness, proper diet, exercise and mediation are part of our culture which sustains people even in the prevailing conditions of poverty in rural India and in the unhygienic urban slums.

These systems consider disease as an aberration resulting from disturbance of the equilibrium of health, which must be corrected by gentle restoration of this balance through proper diet, medicines and the establishment of mental peace. They also teach the graceful acceptance of old age with its infirmities resulting from the normal degenerative process as well as of death which is inevitable.

This is in marked contrast to the western concept of life as a constant struggle against disease, ageing with its narrow dissective and quantifing approach and death which must be fought and conquered with the knowledge and technology derived from their science: a science which, provide us the understanding of the microbial causes of communicable diseases and provided highly effective technology for their prevention, treatment and control. This can rightly be claimed as the greatest contribution of western medicine and justifiably termed as 'high' technology. And yet the contribution of this science in the field of non-communicable diseases is remarkably poor despite faith the greater inputs in research and treatment for the problems of ageing like cancer, heart diseases, paralytic strokes and arthritis which are the major problems of affluent societies today.

Choose the word that is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning to the word 'Infirmities' as used in the passage.

strength

delicacy

fragility

debility

weakness

Infirmities means physical or mental weakness. So option (1) is the correct answer.

Choose the word that is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning to the word 'Inevitable' as used in the passage.

Undersirable

Unsuitable

Detestable

Avoidable

Available

Correct Choice - option (4)

'Inevitable' means that which cannot be avoided while 'Avoidable' means that which can be ignored or neglected. So option (4) is the correct answer.

Choose the word that is MOST SIMILAR in meaning to the word 'Affluent' as used in the passage.

Recuperative

Wealthy

Productive

Innovative

Integrative

Correct Choice - option (2)

'Affluent' means 'prosperous and dominating' and 'Wealthy' means 'rich' so option (2) is the correct synonyms of 'affluent'.

Choose the word that is MOST SIMILAR in meaning to the word 'Aberration' as used in the passage.

Observation

Alternative

Deviation

Outcome

Stimulate

Correct Choice - option (3)

'Aberration' means 'something that is considered to be a disturbance' and 'Deviation' too means disturbance that diverts' hence option (3) is correct answer.

Which of the following according to the passage is outstanding benefits of western medicine?

A. It's role to find, the real cause and ways of control of communicable diseases.

B. Evolution of the concept of harmony between man and nature.

C. Special techniques for fighting ageing.

B and C

Only A and B

Only A

Only B

Only C

Correct Choice - option (3)

According to the last paragraph of the passage, western medicine has contributed a lot to understand the cause of communicable diseases and to find their treatment So option (3) is the correct answer.

In India traditionally which of the following guided the doctors?

High technology

Good Knowledge

Professional ethics

Power over patient

Western concept of life

Correct Choice - option (3)

Option (3) is the right answer as in the second paragraph. It is mentioned that the doctors of India are 'guided by ethics'.

Why has the field of health not been understood properly?

Difficulty in understanding distinction between health and illness

Confusion between views of indigenous and western system

Highly advanced technology being used by the professionals

Not given in the passage

None of the above

Correct Choice - option (1)

The first paragraph suggests that the field of health has not been understood properly because of the difficulty in understanding the distinction between health and illness.

Why, according to the author, have people in India survived in spite of poverty?

Their natural resistance to communicable diseases is very high

Cleanliness, proper diet, exercise and meditation have been part of their culture

Their harmonious relationship with the physician

None of the above

Correct Choice - option (3)

It has been told in the last sentence of the second paragraph that health practices like 'cleanliness, proper diet, exercise and meditation have been part Indian culture' which helped people to survive inspite of poverty. So option (3) is the correct answer.

Which of the following pairs are mentioned as 'contrast' in the passage?

Doctors and patients

Technology and Science

Western physician and Indian physician

Indian and western concepts of life

Health and medicine

Correct Choice - option (4)

According to the passage, Indian concept of life advocates maintaning a harmonies relationship with fellow-beings as well as with nature while 'western concept of life' considers diseases ageing and death as enemies which must be conquered so option (4) is the correct answer.

Why does the author describe the contributions of science as remarkably poor?

It concentrates more on health then on illness

It suggests remedies for the poor people

It demands more input in terms of reseach and technology

Communicable diseases are still the major problems of the affluent societies

None of the above

Correct Choice - option (4)

The last sentence of the passage states that 'communicablediseases are still prevailent in affuient societies' inspite of the use of science on a large scale so option (4) is the correct answer.

The author seems to suggest that

we should give importance to improve the health rather than curing of illness

we should move towards becoming an affluent society

ayurveda is superior to Yoga

good interpersonal relationship between the doctor and the patient is necessary but not sufficient

ayurvedic medicines can be improved by following western approaches and methods of science

Correct Choice - option (1)

According to the author, curing of a diseases or two with the help of technology is no use if diseases are prevalient so 'our focus should be more on maintaining health rather than curing illness'.

The author also advocated (1)/ fresh vegetable (2)/ and fruits as (3)/ naturel diet of aged peoples. (4)/ All correct

The correct spelling is 'natural'.

After several (1)/ rounds of discussions (2)/ the Manager accented (3)/ to our proposal. (4)/ All correct

The correct spelling is 'assented'.

He let the laugher (1)/ wash away (2)/ the tension and then (3)/ held up her hand. (4)/ All correct

The correct spelling is 'laughter'.

He sliped (1)/ away in the night (2)/ and reached (3)/ there in the morning. (4)/ All correct

The correct spelling is 'slipped'.

The indafatigable zeal (1)/ and fearlessness (2)/ with which the youth worked rejoiced (3)/ me beyond measure. (4)/ All correct

The correct spelling is 'indefatigable'.

The number (1)/ of persons interested (2)/ in psychology are (3)/ generally small. (4)/ No Error (5)

Replace 'are' by 'is'. 'The number' takes singular verb.

The manager's comments (1)/ on the preparation of the test matches (2)/ for this tour (3)/ has been generally praised. (4)/ No Error (5)

Replace 'has been' by have been'. Subject, 'manager's comments' — plural so plural verb will be used.

The majority of (1)/ writers never (2)/ passes (3)/ this stages. (4)/ No Error (5)

Replace passes by pass. The noun after 'of' (writers) is plural so the verb will also be plural.

It was advised by (1)/ our family doctor (2)/ that the patient (3)/ must be taken care. (4)/ No Error (5)

Write of after care. Some verbs take specific preposition with them.

A new TV serial (1)/ is soon to be (2)/ telecasted by (3)/ the Star Channel. (4)/ No Error (5)

Replace 'telecasted' by 'telecast'. The third form of 'telecast' is 'telecast'.

Countless books ______________ the benefits of clear amd accurate communication.

extol

subscribe

contribute

extend

deploy

Correct Choice - option (1)

The only that best fit in the blank is 'extol', which means praise highly. Hence, the option (1) is the right answer choice.

Your ______________ nature will aid you in attaining success in every venture you undertake.

round

amiable

catalytic

persevering

Correct Choice - option (4)

The only that best fit in the blank is 'Persevering', which means continuing in a course of action despite difficulty or delay in achieving success. Hence, option (4) is the right answer choice.

The soldiers fought splendidly but being outnumbered far out of proportion they had to ___________.

dessicate

recede

capitulate

contemplate

capture

Correct Choice - option (3)

Out of the given options, the most appropriate options 'capitulate' which means 'cease to resist an opponent '. So, the correct answer is an option (3).

Her ______________ nature will help her realise the object of her desire.

obdurate

obstinate

persevering

fascinating

querulous

Correct Choice - option (1)

Out of the given options, the most appropriate options 'capitulate' which means 'stubbornly refusing to change one's opinion or course of action.'. So, the correct answer is an option (1).

Sales representatives do not lead a normal family life because their jobs compel them to be _____________.

away

itinerant

immobile

commuters

precedent

Correct Choice - option (2)

The only that best fit in the blank is 'itinerant', which means travelling from place to place. Hence, option (2) is the right answer choice.

Owing to (1)/ scarsity of water, (2)/ the metropolitan city of Mumbai is passing (3)/ through a hard time. (4)/ All correct (5)

The correct spelling is 'scarcity'.

I repriminded him for using (1)/ humiliating language while (2)/ addressing the (3)/ audience. (4)/ All correct (5)

The correct word will be 'reprimad'. The meaning of 'reprimand' is 'to express severe disapproval of somebody or their actions especially officially'.

The cinema transforms (1)/ abstract (2)/ themes (3) into concret stories. (4)/ All correct (5)

The correct spelling is 'concrete'.

I appealed to her to look after my (1)/ children during my (2)/ absence and she (3)/ acceded to my request. (4)/ All correct (5)

All are correct.

You have absolutely no (1)/ authority to (2)/ interphere in my (3) affairs. (4)/ All correct (5)

The correct spelling is 'interfere'.

Change ‘will’ to ‘would’. The sentence is in past.

The groups also restrict the movements (1)/ of locals, recruited their children (2)/ and forced small businesses (3)/ to pay extortion money. (4)/ No error (5)

In part (1), since the sentence is in past tense, the past form of ‘restrict’ .i.e. ‘restricted’ should be used.

Knowledge of (1)/ atleast two languages (2)/ are required to pass (3)/ the examination. (4)/ No error (5)

Correct Choice - option (3)

Here ‘Languages’ is not the main subject. Rather ‘knowledge’ is the main subject. Hence verb used must agree with ‘knowledge’. Use ‘is’ in place of ‘are’.

All companies must (1)/ send it annual reports to (2)/ their shareholders, twenty-one days (3)/ before the Annual General Body Meeting. (4)/ No error (5)

Correct Choice - option (2)

The presence of plural antecedent ‘companies’ and plural pronoun ‘their’ (in 3) implies in part (2) we need to use plural pronoun ‘their’.

Sonam has been (1)/ dancing to the (2)/ melodious song, for 5 o'clock (3)/ in the morning. (4)/ No error (5)

In part (3), ‘Since’ should be used in place of ‘for’.

The preposition ‘for’ is used to mention an amount of time or space, which does not need to be exact. On the other hand, the preposition ‘since’ is used to refer to an exact point of time, which can be any past event or a specific time in the past, beginning sometime in the past and continuing until the present time. Therefore, option (3) is the correct answer choice for this question.

Anirban has in his Army, (1)/ eight Generals, six Colonels, (2)/ seven Majors and five Captains, beside (3)/ one private for them to command. (4)/ No error (5)

Correct Choice - option (3)

The word ‘beside’ is a preposition, which means ‘next to’ or ‘at the side of’. The preposition ‘beside’ physically places two nouns side by side.
The word ‘besides’ can be used either as a preposition, meaning “in addition” or an adverb meaning “moreover.” Here in the given context it means “in addition to.” Therefore, option (3) is the correct answer choice for this question.

Once upon a time, there was a huge tree on the _______()________ of a river. The tree made a comfortable home for the family of birds that had built their nests on its branch. The birds were living there happily as the tree with its widespread branches provided _______()________ to them from scorching sun and heavy rains.

One day, when the ______()________ was overcast, it rained very heavily. Some monkeys, who were playing nearby the tree, got _______()________ and ran for shelter under the tree. All of them were ______()_______ with cold. When the birds saw the monkeys in a pitiable condition, one of the birds said, "O Monkeys ! If we can build our nest with small beaks, then why can't you. By God's grace, you have two hands and two legs. Why don't you make a nice shelter for yourselves?

On hearing this, the monkey got ______()_______ and swore to teach the birds a lesson. They said to themselves, 'These birds are not afraid of the rain or of cold wind. They are living comfortably that is why they are ______()_______ us like this. Let the rain stop, we'll show them how to build home. As soon as the rain stopped, the monkeys _______()_______ up the tree and ______()_______ the nests of the birds. They also broke the bird's eggs and threw the young ones down.

The poor birds flew here and there in misery. They were full of ______()_______ for their words and realised that they should not have given advice that was not asked for. Advice should only be given to the learned, the wise and those who ask for it.

bank

bottom

inside

waters

middle

habitat

filter

fruits

shelter

house

rain

river

sky

tree

birds

drowned

flooded

immersed

shocked

drenched

angry

shivering

soaked

shaking

wet

annoyed

defensive

tearful

inspired

sorry

drenching

boasting

critising

violating

injuring

ascended

attacked

mounted

travelled

climbed

built

destroyed

inhabited

constructed

occupied

pleasure

hatred

revenge

regrets

pride

If we understand that every word, thought and action was a prayer sent right to God, a request sent right to the Heavens, I believe we would change much of what we think, say, and do. Further, I believe we would better understand why our more formalised prayers seem to be answered only sporadically, if at all.

For here is what really happens; In our formalised prayers, we seek God's intercession or intervention in our affairs, hoping that God will somehow alter or create something for us. Yet these formal prayers only take a moment or two each day, or for some, each week. The rest of our time probably 95 to 99 percent is spent sending, often times unwittingly, prayers to God that work exactly in the opposite direction of our formal prayers. So, we pray for one thing and we go out and do another. Or we pray for one thing and we go out and think another. Let me give you a typical example. We may pray for greater abundance in our life, or for help with a financial problem. Those prayers are earnestly offered, earnestly said, and earnestly sent to God during our formal, ritualised time for prayer.

Then for the rest of the week, we go around harbouring thoughts of insufficiency, saying words of insufficiency and demonstrating insufficiency in every day actions of our lives. So 95 percent of the time we send prayers that affirm we don't have enough and 5 percent of the time we ask God to bring us enough. It is very difficult for the universe to grant us our wishes when 95 percent of the time we are, in fact, asking for something else. This is the single most misunderstood aspect of prayer in our human experience. This truth is that the universe is a giant Xerox, sending us, all the time, the answer to our prayers. And we are, in fact, sending prayers to the universe all the time, from morning till night, from birth till death. Only when we are willing to accept that our words are creative, our thoughts are creative, and our actions are creative, could this be attractive. Many are unwilling to accept this as truth because they are not very proud of the majority of their thoughts, words, and actions and certainly don't want them to be considered actual requests to God. And yet they are. The injunction then is to speak, think, and act in a way of which we can be proud - in a way that sends to God our grandest thoughts, and produces our highest visions and thus creates Heaven on Earth for all of us.

When we become consciously aware of this, and when we accept this truth with joy, our entire lives change - sometimes, virtually overnight and other times more slowly and subtly. When we accept this truth, we suddenly understand that God is our best friend and has given us tools of unlimited power to create the reality we seek to experience.

According to the passage, Our prayers could be effective when we

establish direct communion with God

realise the effect of our action and thoughts

realise the creative potential of speech, action and thoughts

don't violate the wishes of God

All of the above

Correct Choice - option (3)

According to the passage our speech, action and thoughts do not corroborate with our prayer so to make our prayers effective we must to know the creative potential of them so option (3) is the correct answer.

According to the passage, we can incarnate the reality we dream of when

pray honestly

are chaste in our action and mind

are able to send our prayers to God directly

are prayfully pious in our speech, action and thinking

All of the above

Correct Choice - option (4)

According to the passage if we want our prayers to be fulfilled. We must ot speak act and think otherwise instead we must be honest i our speech, action and thinking so option (4) is the correct answer.

The sentence "the universe is a giant Xerox" implies that

our prayers are answered in the same character

like thoughts create like effect

God listens to every prayer carefully and responds

Our fate is an exact reflection of our prayers

None of the above

Correct Choice - option (1)

'Xerox' means 'copy' the same thing and the universe is called a giant xerox in the passage which suggests that it fulfills our prayers in the same form. Hence, option (1) is the correct answer.

According to the passage, people don't acknowledge the effect of their thinking. words or actions because

formal prayers will lose their importance

they know God's will is Supreme

they are unholy in their depth

they hope that God will come to their rescue anyway

None of the above

Correct Choice - option (3)

According to the passage, many of us are not proud of our thoughts, words and actions and do not want them to be parts of our requests to God so we consider ourselves unholy in depth.

Why according to the passage, do our prayers remain unanswered? Because

they are not sent in the right direction

our thought and action don't corroborate with prayers

we violate the holiness of the sprit when not in prayer

we actually don't believe in the power of the Amighty

All of the above

Correct Choice - option (2)

In the third paragraph, it is stated that we earnestly send our prayers to God but speak, act and think just opposite to its so option (2) is the correct answer.

Which one of the following is most appropriate title of the passage?

Efficacy of Prayers

Formal and Informal Prayers

Empathic Prayer

Do what you pray

Prayer sans Action

Correct Choice - option (4)

'Do What You Pray' is the appropriate title as in the passage emphasis is given on the speech, action and thinking according to the prayers to God. This makes the prayers true and be fulfilled by God.

Choose the word that is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning to the word 'Subtly' as used in the passage.

Openly

Flagrantly

Obviously

Drastically

Closely

Correct Choice - option (3)

Subtly means 'not clearly' while 'Obviously' means 'clearly'. so option (3) is the correct answer.

Choose the word that is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning to the word 'Unwittingly' as used in the passage.

Wittingly

Intelligently

WIllfully

Calculatively

Consciously

Correct Choice - option (5)

Unwittingly means 'without being aware; unintentionally' while 'Consciously' means 'deliberately' so option (5) is the correct answer.

Hence the word 'Spied' and 'Overlook' are opposite in meaning.

Choose the word that is MOST SIMILAR in meaning to the word 'Earnestly' as used in the passage.

Ardently

Vigorously

Energetically

Devoutedly

Piously

Correct Choice - option (4)

Earnestly means 'with full devotion' which suggests that devoutedly is the correct synonyms of 'earnestly'. so option (4) is the correct answer.

Choose the word that is MOST SIMILAR in meaning to the word 'Harbouring' as used in the passage.

Accommodating

Nurturing

Sheltering

Fomenting

Harnessing

Correct Choice - option (2)

'Harbouring means keep (a thought or feeling, typically a negative one) in one's mind, especially secretly. so option (2) is the correct answer.

One day, the king came to the court and began attending to the routine matters people had brought to him. He happened to be in a bad mood that day. Just then, a messenger arrived out of breath, with a message that the Queen wanted to see the King in her palace. The King rose immediately and all the courtiers respectfully go to their feet. The jester however remained seated unaware that the King was departing. He belatedly got to his feet but while doing so, he was noticed by the King who perceived his behaviour as an insult. He ordered the jester to leave his kingdom with immediate effect, and not set foot on its soil under penalty of death. The courtiers were upset and protested. The jester was amusing and well-liked. But the jester obeyed the KIng's commands and left the palace promptly. Several months passed by after the king had ordered the jester to leave his court.

The King's anger had subsided now. He decided to invite the jester to return to his court. Messengers were sent to the neighbouring kingdoms to search for the jester and bring him before the king.

However, the very next day, when the king was standing in one of the palace balconies, he saw a horse carriage pass outside the palace. He glanced at the carriage out of curiosity and spied the jester sitting inside. The carriage was stopped. The king asked the jester angrily, " Why have you come back to the kingdom without my permission?" "Your Majesty", the jester replied politely. I left for China the day you drove me out of your court. I returned only after I had covered the floor of my carriage with the soil of the neighbouring country. I have thus not set my foot on your soil." The king fount the jester's answer pleasing, He smiled and asked him to come to court from the next morning.

What was the impact of the jester being absent from the court for some months?

The king grew more depressed daily

A lot of time and manpower was wasted searching for the jester

The King was no longer irritated with the jester.

Another courtier was appointed as jester

The jester settled down in a neighbour country.

Ans-3

Several months passed by after the king had ordered the jester to leave his court. The King's anger had subsided now. He decided to invite the jester to return to his court. Referring to the lines of the passage, it is clear that the King was no longer irritated with the jester.

Why was the jester traveling in a carriage filled with the earth?

A. To remind him of his visit to china

B. To demonstrate he had no place to live.

C. To show he was following the King's order.

None

Only A

Only B

Only C

Only A and C

Ans-4

Read the last paragraph of the passage.

The jester traveling in a carriage filled with the earth to show he was following the King's order.

Why did the King leave the court suddenly one day?

He was bored as the work was routine

He realised that he had forgotten to meet the Queen that day

He was upset that day

He was angry because the jester failed to pay him due respect

None of these

Ans-5

Referring to the lines of the passage, it is clear that option (5) is the right answer choice.

Why did the jester remain seated while the KIng was leaving?

To show he was unhappy with the king's decision to leave early

To get the KIng's attention

To show the king that leaving early was insulting to those who had come to the court

He did not realise that the king was leaving

He was distracted by the queen's messenger

Ans-4

Read the fifth line of the first paragraph.

A messenger arrived out of breath, with a message that the Queen wanted to see the King in her palace. he King rose immediately and all the courtiers respectfully go to their feet. The jester however remained seated unaware that the King was departing.

Which of the following cannot be said about the jester?

A. He was afraid of the king and obeyed his orders without question.

He had enjoyed visiting China so much he wanted to live there.

C. He did not respect the king because of his short temper.

Only A

Only A & B

Only B & C

All A, B & C

None of these

Referring to the lines of the passage, it is clear that option (4) is the right answer choice.

Why was the king angry when he saw the jester in a carriage?

The jester had not attended court despite being in the kingdom

He had failed to inform the King about his return from China

The jester had not obeyed the King's order to leave the kingdom

The jester had not acknowledge the messages sent to him by the King

He had not paid his respects to the King on returning from China

Ans-3

Read the few lines of the last paragraph.

The king angry when he saw the jester in a carriage because he thinks that the jester had not obeyed his order to leave the kingdom.

Which of the following is true in the context of the passage?

The king was stubborn and never listened to his courtiers' advice.

The jester was quick-witted and had many friends

The KIng's messengers didn't try very hard to find the jester.

The king never refused any of the queen's requests.

Ans-2

Read the last few lines of the first paragraph.

Which of the following describes the jester's reaction to the king's order to leave the kingdom?

A. He was happy because he always wanted to visit the neighbouring country.

B. He was upset because he would have to move his entire family.

C. He was angry because he had lost his post and prestige.

None

Only A

All A, B & C

Only B

Only C

Ans-1

None of the given statements describes the jester's reaction to the king's order to leave the kingdom.

Why did the king stop the jester's carriage?

To prevent the jester from escaping

To ask the jester to come to the court

To give the jester a chance to apologise for his behaviour.

To make sure of the identity of the passenger.

None of the above.

Anns-4

Read the last paragraph of the passage.

The king stopped the jester's carriage to give the jester a chance to apologise for his behaviour.

Choose the word that is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning to the word 'Spied' as used in the passage.

Discern

Notice

Observe

Overlook

See

Ans-4

Spied means discern or make out, especially by careful observation. Hence the word 'Spied' and 'Overlook' are opposite in meaning.

Choose the word that is MOST SIMILAR in meaning to the word 'Departing ' as used in the passage.

Arrive

Misconceive

Leave

Entrance

Ans-3

Departing means leave, especially in order to start a journey. Hence the word 'Departing' and 'Leave' are most similar in meaning.

Choose the word that is MOST SIMILAR in meaning to the word 'Subsided' as used in the passage.

intensify

worsen

Calm

aggravate

infuriate

Ans-3

Subsided means become less intense, violent, or severe. Hence the word 'Subsided' and 'Calm' are most similar in meaning.

The one exception is prophetic writing, the ______________ Book of Eldad and Modad, a careful study of practical Christian ethics at Rome as _______________ in the Shepherd, will be found in the book.

erratic, oblique

censorious, usurp

apocryphal, implied

libel, felon

true, explicit

The clue word is "prophetic" that shows that blank should not mean true; hence apocryphal, which means of questionable authorship or authenticity or fictional. In the second blank the careful study done must be followed by something related to it, hence implied and oblique, which mean explicit, felon and Usurp are eliminated. Implied means suggested but not directly expressed; implicit. Therefore, option (3) is the correct answer choice

Directions: Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical or idiomatic error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is no error, the answer is (5). (Ignore error of punctuation, if any)

Grandmaster Shifuji Shaurya Bhardwaj along with (1)/ his students are (2)/ going to attend (3)/ the inaugural ceremony tomorrow.(4)

Option B
Whenever two subjects are connected by “along with, as well as, rather than, except, nothing but, no less than, in addition to, and not”, the verb agrees with the first subject.
Therefore, option B is the correct answer choice for this question.

That customer has(1)/ written a letter(2)/ thanks the manager(3)/ for her timely help. (4)/ No error(5)

Here Gerund should be used in the third part of the sentence to give proper meaning. Hence, replace ‘thanks the manager’ by ‘thanking the manager’.

The father told his son / (b) that he was a lazy boy / (c) and that he has done / (d) his work very badly / (e) No error

Option C
Change ‘has’ to ‘had’ as sentence starting in past should stay in past.

I am sure that he has recovered from his illness and he will accompany us to the picnic spot.

and that he will accompany

and that he will be accompanied

but he will accompany

although he will accompany

Correct Choice - option (1)

All other options are contextually and meaningfully incorrect. So our correct answer choice is option (1).

By the time he had won his commission, the senior officer had to start seeking employment elsewhere.

were started seeking

were to have started to seeking

Correct Choice - option (1)

All other options are contextually and meaningfully incorrect. So our correct answer choice is option (1).

All round is emptiness and silence, the silence, it seems, of a land that man has not yet set foot upon.

round is empty and silent

around is emptiness and silence

round are emptiness and silence

around are empty and silence

Correct Choice - option (2)

All other options are contextually and meaningfully incorrect. So our correct answer choice is option (2)

Now the question arises: what is the secret of the longevity and imperishability of Indian culture? Why is it that such great empires and nations as Babylon, Assyria, Greece, Rome and Persia could not last more than the footprints of a camel on the shifting sands of the deserts while India, which faces the same ups and downs, the same mighty and cruel hand of time, is still alive and with the same halo of glory and splendour? The answer is given by Prof JB Pratt of America. According to him, Hindu religion is "self-perpetuating and self-renewing". Unlike other religions, "not death but development" has been the fate of Hinduism. Not only the Hindu religion but the whole culture of the Hindus has been growing, changing, and developing in accordance with the needs of times and circumstances without losing its essentially imperishable spirit. The culture of the Vedic ages, of the ages of the Upanishads, the various philosophical systems, the Mahabharata, the Smritis, the Puranas, various scholarly commentators, the medieval saints, and the age of modern reformers is the same in spirit and yet very different in form. Its basic principles are so broad-based that they can be adapted to almost any environment of development.

In what respect is India implied to be superior to all other nations and empires?

Territorial expansion

Cultural development

Archaeological reserves

Diverse wildlife

Correct Choice - option (3)

Referring to the lines of the passage, it is clear that, In respect to Cultural development is India implied to be superior to all other nations and empires.

Which of the following combinations of periods of Indian culture is incorrect as mentioned in the passage?

The Puranas, the Mahabharata, the medieval saints

The Smritis, the modern reformers, the Vedas

The Upanishads, the philosophical system, the Smritis

The Puranas, the Ramayana, the Mahabharat

The modern reformers, the Vedas, the medieval saints

Correct Choice - option (4)

Referring to the lines of the passage, it is clear that option (4) is the right answer choice.

What changes has the spirit of Indian culture undergone during the long period of history right from the Vedic age down to the present time?

The prevalence of moral values was eclipsed at certain periods of time.

The spirit of Indian culture has remained unchanged from the ancient times down to the present.

Materialism was the hallmark of Indian culture during certain periods of time.

There is no such thing as any spirit of Indian culture.

During certain periods authoritarian values dominated over democratic values.

Correct Choice - option (2)

Referring to the lines of the passage, it is clear that option (2) is the right answer choice.

Choose the word that is SIMILAR in meaning to the word 'Perpetuating' as used in the passage.

Continuing

Appreciating

Enjoying

Languishing

Confirming

Correct Choice - option (1)

Perpetuating means make (something) continue indefinitely. Hence the word 'Perpetuating' and 'Continuing' are most similar in meaning.

Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE in the context of the passage?

Mighty and cruel hand of time spares none.

Assyria was a great empire and nation.

The culture of the Vedic ages and the ages of the Upanishads is differet in form.

Hindu religion is growing and changing.

Indian culture is transient and ephemeral.

Correct Choice - option (5)

Referring to the lines of the passage, it is clear that option (5) is the right answer choice.

".....could not last more than the footprints of a camel on the shifting sands of the desert". What does this expression mean as used in the passage?

It lost itself in desert.

It was transient.

It lacked solidity.

It was limited only to desert area.

It lacked cohesion.

Correct Choice - option (2)

Referring to the lines of the passage, it is clear that option (2) is the right answer choice.

What is the characteristic quality of the basic principles of Indian culture?

They are static.

They derive their strength from the genius of people.

They believe in the purity of Indian culture.

They can be adapted to almost any environment.

They project the glimpses of ancient civilisation.

Correct Choice - option (4)

The basic principles of Indian culture are so broad-based that they can be adapted to almost any environment of development.

What according to the author, has always characterised the Hindu religion?

Spirituality and reactivity

Proactivity and indivividual dignity

Dynamism and growth

Morality and stagnation

Collective wisdom and democracy

Correct Choice - option (3)

According to the author, Dynamism and growth has always characterised the Hindu religion

Choose the word that is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning to the word 'Imperishable' as used in the passage.

enduring

everlasting

immortal

indestructible

Transient

Ans-5

Imperishable means lasting forever, or never becoming weaker with age. Transient means lasting only for a short time; impermanent.

Hence the word 'Imperishable' and 'Transient' are opposite in meaning.

What according to JB Pratt, is the secret of the longevity and imperishability of Indian culture?

It has its origin in the remote past.

It stems from the minds and hearts of its sages.

It is founded on religion.

It is founded on universal moral values.

It is self-perpetuating and self-renewing.

Correct Choice - option (5)

According to JB Pratt, Hindu religion is "self-perpetuating and self-renewing". Hence, option (5) is the right answer choice.

A large number of branches' of banks have been set up in the villages. The main purpose of setting up these banks is to develop the habit of saving among the villagers and also to give loans to farmers for boosting production in one way or the other. So far banks had been concentrated in the bigger cities and Indian villagers had no faith in them. The new banks also intend to re-channel bank credit-from the big industries to the small sectors. With the intention of promoting rural banking, regional rural banks were established. These aligned the local field with rural problems. These banks are not to replace the other credit-giving bodies but to supplement them.

The steering committee of the Regional Rural Banks considered some structural changes. First of all they gave thought to the staffing spectrum, then to effective coordination among banks - rural cooperatives and commercial, and the possibility of bringing credit within the access of weaker sections. They wanted to recruit staff for the rural banks at lower salaries. But this type of discrimination would have been unfruitful. So it was given up.

A problem with regard to the rural banks is the creditworthiness of the poor. The Indian farmers are so poor that they cannot pay back their loans. The rural Indian surveys make it quite clear that practically rural farmers have no creditworthiness. Their socio-economic mobility is almost zero. That is why banks fear that their credit will never be paid back.

Another difficulty for the rural banks is that loans cannot be processed so easily. Processing loans also entails heavy expenditure. This was also going to affect their financial position. Still, the establishment of the rural banks was decided because the social advantages were more important than the commercial consideration.

Rural banks definitely encourage savings. No doubt the villagers do not have to pay income tax and they get many other concessions, yet their saving is not significant. Despite all the hurdles, the rural banking system will boost up the economy of villages, and thereby the economy of the country.

Which of the following is/are the purpose/s of setting up banks in rural area?

(A) Replacing other credit-giving bodies

(B) Giving loans to farmers

(C) Increasing the amount of savings of villagers

Only A

Only B

Only A and B

Only B and C

All A, B and C

Correct Choice - option (4)

The main purpose of setting up these banks is to develop the habit of saving among the villagers and also to give loans to farmers for boosting production in one way or the other.

The structural changes made by the steering Committee were in respect of

building smaller buildings to house the banks.

investing very little in terms of infrastucture required to start a bank.

discriminating between urban bank staff and rural bank staff.

None

Correct Choice - option (1)

The steering committee of the Regional Rural Banks considered some structural changes. First of all they gave thought to the staffing spectrum, then to effective coordination among banks - rural cooperatives and commercial, and the possibility of bringing credit within the access of weaker sections. They wanted to recruit staff for the rural banks at lower salaries. But this type of discrimination would have been unfruitful. So it was given up.

Which of the following is possibly the most appropriate title for the passage?

Regional Rural Banks

The Rural Consumer

Microfinance In Rural India

Characteristics Of Indian Villages

Banking Concepts In Indian

Correct Choice - option (1)

Regional Rural Banks is possibly the most appropriate title for the passage.

Which of the following is NOT TRUE according to the passage?

Processing of loans by rural banks is difficult.

Staff of the rural banks is paid a lower salary as compared to urban banks.

Rural banks may not make as much profit as their urban counterparts.

Processing of loans by banks is not cheap.

Rural farmers are, many a time, unable to pay back the loans they avail.

Correct Choice - option (2)

Which of the following is one of the benefits of living in the village, as mentioned in the passage?

People living in the villages enjoy a higher income than their urban counterparts.

People living in villages do not have to pay income tax and they also get other  concessions.

People living in villages have a better quality of life.

Villages are self-sufficient; hence they do not need outside help for any activity.

People living in villages are rarely in need of a loan.

Correct Choice - option (2)

Rural banks definitely encourage savings. No doubt the villagers do not have to pay income tax and they get many other concessions, yet their saving is not significant.

Choose the word that is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning to the word 'SIGNIFICANT' as used in the passage.

Forgettable

Untrustworthy

Reliable

Irregular

Little

Correct Choice - option (5)

Significant means sufficiently great or important to be worthy of attention; noteworthy. Hence the word 'Significant' and 'Little' are opposite in meaning.

Choose the word that is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning to the word 'BOOSTING' as used in the passage.

Reducing

Managing

Overwhelming

Smoothening

Heightening

Correct Choice - option (1)

Boosting means help or encourage (something) to increase or improve. Hence the word 'Boosting' and 'Reducing' are opposite in meaning.

Choose the word that is MOST SIMILAR in meaning to the word 'ENTAILS' as used in the passage.

Recommends

Lasts

Lists

Involves

Filters

Correct Choice - option (4)

Entail means involve (something) as a necessary or inevitable part or consequence. Hence the word 'Entail' and 'Involves' are similar in meaning.

Choose the word that is MOST SIMILAR in meaning to the word 'ACCESS' as used in the passage.

Reach

Entry

Permission

Correct Choice - option (2)

Access means to approach or enter (a place). Hence the word 'Access' and 'Reach' are similar in meaning.

Choose the word that is MOST SIMILAR in meaning to the word 'DISCRIMINATION' as used in the passage.

Impartiality

Clustered

Diluted

Prejudice

Immature

Correct Choice - option (4)

Discrimination means the unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people, especially on the grounds of race, age, or sex.

Hence the word 'Discrimination' and 'Prejudice' are similar in meaning.

You and your company would be _________________ by the standard of both your public and private behaviour.

expected

judged

enlarged

projected

Ans-3

'judged' best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole. Hence, option (3) is the right answer choice.

Letters should always be responded to _________________.

critically

strongly

promptly

verbally

spiritedly

Ans- 3

Out of the given options, the most appropriate options 'promptly' which means 'at exactly a specified time; punctually'. So, the correct answer is an option (3).

Busy people receive calls at very _________________ time.

spurious

immature

unlikely

difficult

inconvenient

Ans-5

Out of the given options, the most appropriate options 'inconvenient' which means 'causing trouble, difficulties, or discomfort'. So, the correct answer is an option (5).

Many people regard office parties as opportunities to ________________.

unwind

exhibit

entangle

demonstrate

Ans-1

Out of the given options, the most appropriate options 'unwind' which means 'relax after a period of work or tension'. So, the correct answer is option (1).

In each chapter we _________________ a different aspect of your business relationship.

contribute

explore

percolate

establish

And- 2

The only that best fit in the blank is 'addressed' which means 'inquire into or discuss (a subject) in detail'. Hence, the option (2) is the right answer choice.

Your appearance may not be your most valuable asset but it should never be a ________________.

criticism

passion

difficulty

liability

possession

Ans- 4

Out of the given options, the most appropriate options 'liability' which means 'a person or thing whose presence or behaviour is likely to put one at a disadvantage'. So, the correct answer is an option (4).

Directions: In each of the questions given below four words are given in bold. These four words may or may not be in their correct position. The sentence is then followed by options with the correct combination of words that should replace each other in order to make the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. Find the correct combination of the word that replace each other. If the sentence is correct it then selects option (5) as your choice.

Correct Choice - option (5)

Here, the sentence given with highlighted words is contextually meaningful and grammatically correct. Thus, it doesn't require any replacement.

Here, 2-3 i.e, 'decided-complained' will replaced each other in order to make the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. The sentence thus formed is,

Although religion does not inhibit the acquisition of wealth, the tenor of its teaching is to induce an attitude of indifference to worldly things.

Although religion does not induce (1)/ the acquisition of wealth, the tenor of its (2)/ teaching is to inhibit an attitude  (3)/ of indifference to worldly things. (4)

Lack of financing options, coupled with HR and technological challenges make small and medium enterprises sector the most vulnerable component of our economy.

Lack of financing options, coupled with (1)/ HR and technological component make (2)/ small and medium enterprises sector (3)/ the most vulnerable challenges of our economy. (4)

The country's economic growth has been achieved via exports and attracting large amounts of foreign direct investment.

The country's economic growth (1)/ has been attracting via exports (2)/ and achieved large amounts of (3)/ foreign direct investment. (4)

The organization was deeply shaken by difficulties a decade ago but the new CEO brought many inevitable changes in it and took it to a new high.

The organization was deeply shaken by difficulties (1)/ a decade ago but the new CEO brought (2)/ many inevitable changes in it (3)/ and took it to a new high. (4)

The workers, several of whom had complained about their low wages earlier, have now decided to move the court for the labour rights.

The workers, several of whom (1)/ had decided about their (2)/ low wages earlier, have now complained to (3)/ move the court for the labour rights. (4)

Right of entry to education, an ample teaching-learning environment, a suitable curriculum and an empowered and all-encompassing faculty are four essential prerequisites of an education system that seeks to enable social transformation. While educational reform since the 1980s was strongly focused on the first two elements, the late 1990s brought the role of the curriculum into national focus. The critical link that binds these four critical elements together — the activity of the faculty — continues to be cast aside, by political ideologies of most hues, contemporary curriculum reform efforts and the professional practices of the faculty.

Far-reaching educational initiatives of both the Left and the Right have recognised the potential power of the faculty. In multiple experiments, they have used this dormant force to build committed institutions and cadres of faculties dedicated to their particular cause. In many instances, this has led to extreme politicisation of the college faculty. In others, it has led to the education of a generation of students in half-truths underpinned by the personal beliefs, sectarian concerns and folk pedagogy of faculties who have had little access themselves to education and training in related areas.

Over the last decade or so, educational reform has included, apart from access, a focus on developing alternative text materials and the training of faculty to handle these materials, without directly engaging with the issue of curriculum revamp. At the turn of the 20th century, a major national curriculum redesign was initiated following the change of political regime at the centre. The subsequent development of college programme came under wide public scrutiny and debate. Issues of equity, inclusion and exclusion, learner medley religious identity and communalism gained considerable importance in the curriculum debates that followed. For instance, scholars argued that "...the curriculum while loud on rhetoric, fails to address the quality of education that students of underprivileged and marginalised groups experience," Several other critics described the revised curriculum as a retrogressive step in education that sought to impose the religious agenda in the garb of national identity.

The subsequent change of national government in 2004 led to the curriculum review in 2005, uderlining a new political interest in the role of education in national development, its role in social mobilisation and transformation directed specifically at questions caste and gender asymmetry and minority empowerment. Deeper than these politically driven initiatives, however, the professional need for curriculum review emerges from the long ossification of a national education system that continues to view faculty as "dispensers of information" and students as "passive recipients" of an "education" sought to be "delivered" in four-walked classrooms with little scope to develop critical thinking and understanding.

Which of the following best describes the phrase "passive recipients" as used in the passage?

The users of the educational system

The political ideology of right and left parties

Well-framed curriculum guiding the teaching/learning process

The faculty

Correct Choice - option (1)

The phrase refers to the students.

To facilitate social transformation, which of the following has been identified by the author as one of the factors?

A committed political ideology

Support of the well-framed curriculum

Carefully planned education delivery

None of these

Correct Choice - option (2)

A suitable curriculum is one of the four essential factors.

Choose the word that is SIMILAR in meaning to the word 'IMPOSE' as used in the passage.

foist

disburden

release

abate

pardon

Correct Choice - option (1)

'Impose' means force (an unwelcome decision or ruling) on someone. 'Foist' means impose an unwelcome or unnecessary person or thing on. Hence the word 'Impose' and 'Foist' are synonymous.

Prior to 1990 what was NOT on the agenda of the educational reforms?

(A) An appropriate curriculum

Only A

Only B

Both A and B

Either A or B

None of these

Correct Choice - option (1)

The late 1990s brought the role of the curriculum into focus.

Revamping of the text material was the main focus in

early eighties

late nineties

21st century

evolving curriculum framework

training faculty

Correct Choice - option (3)

Read the first few lines of the third paragraph.

What hampers the critical thinking ability of college-going students?

The emphasis on rote memorisation and recalling the facts of education based on real experience

Lack of political will to develop these abilities

Absence of focus while designing curriculum framework

Ignoring the active role of faculty and the student

Lack of proper tests of critical thinking ability

Correct Choice - option (3)

Notice how the last sentence emphasises on "the professional need for curriculum review".

Choose the word that is SIMILAR in meaning to the word 'AMPLE' as used in the passage.

meagre

minimal

sufficient

skimpy

sterile

'Ample' means enough or more than enough; plentiful. Hence the word 'Ample' and 'sufficient' are synonymous.

How did personal beliefs and folk pedagogy enter into the educational system?

The college acted as an agent of local communities.

The faculties were not properly trained.

College faculties started acting as passive listeners.

The loopholes in the educational system allowed it to happen.

It was by design.

Correct Choice - option (2)

Clear from the last sentence of the second paragraph.

Development of textbooks generated public debate on many issues except

(A) making the curriculum student-centred.

(B) using teaching community as an agency to bring change.

Only A

Only B

Both A and B

Either A or B

None of these

Correct Choice - option (3)

This is the idea conveyed by the last two paragraphs as a whole.

Which of the following best describes the word 'Ossification' as used in the passage.

Hardening

Plasticity

Imbibition

Incorporation

Coalescing

Ossification of an idea, system, or organisation refers to its becoming fixed and difficult to change. Such Hardening may lead to its decay in due course.

Choose the word that is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning of the word 'Medley' as used in the passage.

amalgamate

united

unity

diffuse

focusing

Medley means a mixture of different things.

Which of the following best describes the word 'Underpinned' as used in the passage.

Supported

Prepared

Bolstered

Boosted

If one thing 'underpins' another, it helps the other thing to continue or succeed by supporting and strengthening it.

He used to stress the point that victory in any field needs ________________ courage.

little

exemplary

no

formidable

preserved

Ans-2

Using nefarious designs to ________________ the importance of others is not an healthy act.

undermine

elevate

enhance

activate

shrink

Ans-1

One of the major critiques of the examination system is that it _______________ to a spirit of unhealthy competition among the students.

results

accompanies

develops

takes

Ans-5

After the board examinations, students are ______________ up for the various entrance examinations scheduled for next month.

gearing

prepared

set

come

Ans-2

Directions: Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical or idiomatic error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is no error, the answer is (5). (Ignore error of punctuation, if any)

It is commonly believed (1)/ that visitors to India (2)/ and other countries in South Asia is (3)/ frequent victims of stomach bugs. (4)/ No error (5)

In Option (3) ‘is’ needs to get replaced by ‘are’ to make the sentence grammatically and contextually correct because ‘is’ has been used in the reference of the tourists mentioned in the context. This is because the subject is plural; hence, the plural verb will be used. Therefore, option (3) is the right answer choice.

Ganesh, who has been (1)/ driving all day (2)/ was extremely tired (3)/ and wanted to stop

. (4)/ No error (5)

In option (1), It should be 'had' in place of 'has' The sentence is in past.

.

Knowledge of (1)/ atleast two languages (2)/ are required to pass (3)/ the examination. (4)/ No error (5)

Ans-3
Here ‘Languages’ is not the main subject. Rather ‘knowledge’ is the main subject. Hence verb used must agree with ‘knowledge’. Use ‘is’ in place of ‘are’.

Whenever we have a puncture (1)/ she just sits in the car (2)/ and reads a book (3)/ while I changed the wheel. (4)/ No error (5)

Ans-4

The sentence starts in present tense, so change 'changed' with 'change'.

Everyone was reading quietly (1)/ when suddenly the door (2)/ burst open and a (3)/ complete stranger rushed in. (4)/ No error (5)

Ans-5

Whatever he was (1)/ today is only because (2)/ of his mother who (3)/ was a renowned scientist. (4)/ No error (5)

The sentence starts in present tense, so change 'was' with 'is'.

So, the correct form of the given sentence will be:- Whatever he was today is only because of his mother who is a renowned scientist.

We are trying to (1)/ find out the root cause (2)/ of the recurring problem (3)/ since the last four days. (4)/ No error (5)

In option (4), It should be 'for' in place of 'since'

The preposition 'for' is used to mention an amount of time or space, which does not need to be exact. On the other hand, the preposition 'since' is used to refer to an exact point of time, which can be any past event or a specific time in the past, beginning sometime in the past and continuing until the present time. Therefore, option (4) is the right answer choice.

If you go on letting (1)/ your dog chase cars (2)/ he will end by being (3)/ run down one day. (4)/ No error (5)

In option (3), the preposition 'by; is incorrect and needs to be replaced with 'up' to make the sentence grammatically and contextually correct.

He heard the guard (1)/ blowing whistle and knew (2)/ it is time for him (3)/ to enter the train. (4)/ No error (5)

In option (3), it should be 'was' in place of 'is', as sentence starting in past should stay in past.

She found herself (1)/ submerged in nostalgia (2)/ and many a memories (3)/ kept haunting her. (4)/ No error (5)

'Many a' is followed by singular form of noun. Hence 'many a memory' is the correct usage. Therefore, option (4) is the right answer choice.

When the geothermal gradient is high, (1)/ high temperatures are found at shallow depths, (2)/ groundwater in such areas absorb heat (3)/ from the rocks and becomes hot. (4) / No Error

Ans-3

In the sentence, groundwater is a singular noun. So, according to the rules of subject-verb agreement, the verb should be singular i.e. 'absorbs' should be used instead of 'absorb'. Therefore, option (3) is the right answer choice.

The beaver, Canada’s national animal, (1)/ has some unusual characteristics. (2)/ One unusual fact about beavers (3)/ are their large size. (4)/ No error (5)

In option (4), talks about 'One unusual fact', and it should be followed by 'is' and not 'are'. Therefore, option (4) is the right answer choice.

Most coral reef animals spend (1)/ the earliest part of (2)/ their lives as tiny (3)/ larvae floating in the water. (4)/ No error (5)

In part (2), Superlative degree is used when we are comparing one to many. In sentence II, there is no comparison being done among the various parts of the lives. We are pointing out one single part of their lives. So, it should be ‘early’ instead of ‘earliest’.

The scientific community has witnessed the utilisation of genetic-modified bacteria to create microscopic pieces of art, including Leonardo da Vinci’s iconic Mona Lisa.

Option B is grammatically incorrect as “genetic” is an adjective, but we need an
adverb to modify the verb “modified”. So, ‘genetically’ should be used instead of ‘genetic’.

The movement against the death penalty in present-day India face a (1)/ tremendous challenge in terms of extensive public (2)/ clamour for swift executions, removal of appeals, (3)/ and even support for summary executions. (4)

‘Faces’ should be used in place of ‘face’. Here, in the given sentence, ‘Movement’ is a singular subject. As a result, it will take a singular verb with it.
Therefore option A is the correct answer choice for this question.

John was an accomplished swimmer with many accolades to his name, but swimming across the English Channel were to cost him his life.

Statement A should take ‘was’ and not ‘were’ after ‘swimming across the English Channel’.

If his aim is to(1)/ buy a house in the(2)/ next three years he(3)/ should start immediate saving.(4)/ No error(5)

Option D
The word immediately is an adverb which modifies a verb. Hence, ‘should start saving immediately’ will be a correct usage.

The Past Perfect Tense is used to represent the earlier of the two past actions.

Incorrect- When I reached the station, the train already left.

The origins and results of terrorism into India and Tunisia is the same.

In option A, the preposition ‘into’ is incorrect and needs to be replaced with ‘in’ to make the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. “Into” is used to show movement.

It is because of the pungent smell of durian that it has been ban from many public places.

The error in C is the incorrect use of the present form of verb ‘ban’ and needs to be replaced with the past participle form of the verb ‘banned’ to make the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. This is because the sentence is indicating an action that had taken place and its effect at present.

For the first time in a decade, January and February have brought so much rain that the lake in the Napa Valley area north of San Francisco maxed out its water capacity

Statement B should follow the present perfect tense throughout hence ‘has maxed out’ needs to be used in place of ‘maxed out’.

The history of puppetry has been both plagued or enriched by deeply contrasting attitudes.

In statement B, the presence of the word ‘both’ requires the use of ‘and’, not ‘or’. The statement is logically incorrect.

Professor Majumder said that the college’s Principal has said that exams will start from Tuesday.

Apostrophe is not used with non-living things. Hence we should use ‘Principal of the college’. Again we do not use the preposition ‘from’ with the word ‘start’. We use ‘on’ instead.
So, the correct form of the given sentence will be :-‘ Professor Majumder said that the Principal of the college has said that exams will start on Tuesday.

A great many students is protesting against the college authorities.

The structure should be:-‘A great many+plural noun+plural verb’.
The correct sentence will be: ‘A great many students are protesting against the college authorities.’

Nearly 15 million Americans live in sparsely populated communities where, (1)/ there is no broadband internet service at all (2)/ a stark digital divide across America among those (3)/ with access to uber-fast connections and those with none (4)

Option C
‘Between’ should be used in place of ‘among’, since it mentions two entities-‘those with access to uber-fast connections’ and ‘those with none’.
‘Generally ‘between’ is used when we refer to two things which are clearly separated. ‘Among’ is used to talk about things which are not clearly separated because they are part of a group or crowd or mass of objects.
Therefore option C is the correct answer choice for this question.

Grandmaster Shifuji Shaurya Bhardwaj along with (1)/ his students are (2)/ going to attend (3)/ the inaugural ceremony tomorrow.(4)

Option B
Whenever two subjects are connected by “along with, as well as, rather than, except, nothing but, no less than, in addition to, and not”, the verb agrees with the first subject.
Therefore, option B is the correct answer choice for this question.

The local authorities had repaired the roads a few months ago, but heavy rains damaged them again, bringing life (back to one square).

The context of the sentence makes it clear that the rains had damaged the work done by the authorities and the life returned to where it initially was. The most appropriate phrasal verb to depict this idea is “back to square one” which means to go back to the beginning, after a dead-end or failure.

bbbb Most of coral reef animals spend the early part of their lives as tiny larvae floating in the water.

Whenever we use ‘most of’, the article ‘the’ should be paced before the noun that denotes the group (coral reef animals). So, sentence I is wrong.

German investor morale darkened more for expected in (1)/ October, a survey showed on Tuesday, as concerns about an (2)/ escalating Sino-U.S. trade dispute and Britain crashing out (3)/ of the EU without a divorce deal clouded the outlook for Europe’s largest economy. (4)/ No error (5)

Option A
The error is in first part of the sentence. The preposition ‘for’ is used as a function word to indicate purpose. In the first option, ‘than’ which is used for introducing the second element in a comparison is more appropriate since it draws comparison between the moral of German investors to what was expected. Hence the correct answer is option A.

An intriguing story backed by adept performances, a creatively (1)/ unusual background score, and enough turns to keep your eyes glued (2)/ to the screen for every (3)/ millisecond makes this a thriller that you exactly must watch. (4)/ No Error (5)

‘Exactly’ is used to indicate the accuracy of the action. But, here in the sentence, movie watching cannot be accurate. The correct word in this case should be absolutely, definitely, certainly etc. Hence, the correct answer is D.

Integrity of character, honesty, dependability, and discipline ____________ with a genuine interest in your work will go a long way for achieving success.

coupled

fixed

attached

entrusted

Ans-1

Out of the given options, the most appropriate options 'coupled' which means ' linked or connected in a pair or pairs'. So, the correct answer is option (4).

For quite a long time he bore the burden but finally he had to ___________.

yield

reconcile

leave

succumb

refuse

Ans-4

Out of the given options, the most appropriate options 'succumb' which means ' fail to resist pressure, temptation, or some other negative force'. So, the correct answer is option (4).

Because he was unwell, he left the party earlier and _____________ home.

brought

come

approached

sent

returned

Ans- 5

As I was his sole companion, he naturally ___________ all his comments to me.

told

contested

positioned

executed

Ans-4

The only that best fit in the blank is 'addressed'. Hence, option (4) is the right answer choice.

The present education system is _____________ and needs reforming.

wrong

good

defective

excellent

'defective' best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole. Hence, option (2) is the right answer choice.

They loaded their ships with spices and silks and (returns) with the summer monsoon.

Ans.(a)
Sol. ‘Returned’ is the correct choice as the sentence is in past thus “returned” should be used.

Tagore modernized Bengali art by spurning rigid classical forms and (resisted) linguistic strictures.

resisting

Ans.(c)
Sol. Option C is correct as same form of verb i.e. gerund form will be used before and after the conjunction ‘and’.

(1)No Improvement

(2)said

(3)talked

(4)expressed

5) spoke

Ans-(3)

Talk about = used to emphasize something

When life throws you an unexpected but unpleasant surprise , one has to (take the day away).

In case of unpleasant surprises, one takes leave from work. The most appropriate phrasal verb to depict this idea is ‘Take the day off’ which means a day in which one does not work, either at one’s place of employment or on a particular task or project.

She was always friendly with everyone but knew that the only person she could (count in) was only herself.

It is clear that she was the only one who could help herself in her difficult times. The most appropriate phrasal verb to depict this idea is ‘Count on’ which means to depend on someone to do what you want or expect them to do for you.

Seeing that there was an ongoing sale in one of her favourite stores, Neetu made a beeline for it immediately after entering the mall.

make bees lined to

make bee line to

No correction Required

Ans-5

'Make a bee line for' someone or something means 'to move quickly towards a particular person or thing'.

Sweta made it to work in the nicks of times, or else she would have missed the meeting.

nick of time

nicked time

nick of timeliness

nick and time

No correction Required

Ans-1

'In the nick of time' means 'just in time'.

Arjun was on cloud nine after having stood first in his class.

in ninth cloud

on nine clouds

a cloudy nine

cloud on nine

No correction Required

Ans-5

Himesh had a habit of pass the buck when it came to important issues at work.

pass to bucking

passing buck

passing the buck

pass buck

No correction Required

Ans-3

'Passing the buck' means to evade responsibility by passing it on to someone else.

Amar raked his brains and tried to find an answer to a tricky question given in the paper but couldn't find one.

rake his brain

racked his brains

racked brains

raked brain

Ans-2

'Racked his/her brains' means 'to think long and hard'.

(A) Enthralling

(B) Respecting

(C) Projecting

(D) Alluring

A-D (Synonym)

Meaning of the given words are as follows:

Enthralling means capturing and holding one's attention; fascinating.

Alluring means powerfully and mysteriously attractive or fascinating; seductive.

Hence the word 'Enthralling' and 'Alluring' are synonymous.

(A) Concise

(B) Elegant

(C) Surreptitious

(D) Indecorous

B-D (Antonym)

Meaning of the given words are as follows:

Concise means giving a lot of information clearly and in a few words; brief but comprehensive.

Elegant means graceful and stylish in appearance or manner.

Surreptitious means kept secret, especially because it would not be approved of.

Indecorous means not in keeping with good taste and propriety; improper.

Hence the word 'Elegant' and 'Indecorous' are Antonymous.

(A) Fallacy

(C) Dictum

(D) Endorse

B-C (Synonym)

Meaning of the given words are as follows:

Fallacy means a mistaken belief, especially one based on unsound arguments.

Adage means a proverb or short statement expressing a general truth.

Dictum means a short statement that expresses a general truth or principle.

Endorse means declare one's public approval or support of.

Hence the word 'Adage' and 'Dictum' are synonymous.

(A) Elevate

(B) Frugal

(C) Exult

(D) Lament

C-D (Antonym)

Meaning of the given words are as follows:

Elevate means to raise somebody/something to a higher place or mark

Frugal means using as little as possible of something especially money or food

Exult means to show or feel great joy because of something that has happened

Lament means express regret or disappointment about something.

Hence the word 'Exult' and 'Lament' are Antonymous.

(A) Conversion

(B) Desistance

(C) Substitution

(D) Cessation

B-D (Synonym)

Meaning of the given words are as follows:

Desist means 'to stop something/doing something'

Cessation means 'the action or act of stopping'; a pause

Hence the word 'Desistance' and 'Cessation' are synonymous.

(A) Audacious

(B) Venturous

(C) Abstruse

(D) Silent

Meaning of the given words are as follows:

Audacious means showing a willingness to take surprisingly bold risks.

Venturous means willing to take risks or embark on difficult or unusual courses of action.

Abstruse means difficult to understand; obscure.

Hence the word 'Audacious' and 'Venturous' are synonymous.

(A) Diminutive

(B) Intelligent

(C) Large

(D) Prolific

Meaning of the given words are as follows:

Diminutive means extremely or unusually small.

Hence the word 'Diminutive' and 'Large' are Antonymous.

If India is bent on protecting its resources, international business appears equally determined to safeguard its profit.

Brands pursuing decision-simplicity strategies make full use of available information to assess where consumers are on the path of decision making and direct them to the best market offers.

The high cutoff marks this year have forced college admission-seekers to either settle for lesser-known colleges or change their subject preferences.

Off the coast near Jeddah about six years ago I slipped a pair of flippers onto my feet, put on a face mask and gingerly poked my head beneath the placid surface of the Red sea. I am not sure, now, exactly what I saw in that first glimpse: shafts of sunlight, probably, slanting off through clear blue water; a coral reef of fantastic beauty; and, no doubt, many fish. But I do recall that by the time I surfaced I had already developed a need to return to that incredibly lovely word below. So I did. Indeed, it would not be much of an exaggeration to say that except for such periods as were necessary to earn a living, I have rarely been anywhere else. Diving became a passion and then a way of life—one, as you will gather, I totally endorse.

For the first year after that initial experience, I amused myself by hunting fish with a spear gun. It was not at all difficult. Fish are so abundant there that divers do not need to use tanks to get down to where the fish are; they find them near the surface. Furthermore, the water of the Red Sea, like the Caribbean, the South Seas and parts of the Indian Ocean, is so transparent that you can see up to 150 feet away. Thus, all you really need are a mask, a snorkel tube to breathe through, flippers and a spear gun.

Hunting, however, began to pall on me. I began to wonder if it wouldn't be more interesting—and more sporting—to photograph some of these magnificent creatures rather than kill them. It was certainly an ideal place for underwater photography. In addition to hundreds of species of fish, the Red Sea Coast offers thousands of miles of what they call "fringing reefs"—great barriers of coral 10 to 200 miles wide that wind along the African shore from Egypt to Djibouti and down the Asian shore from Aqaba to the Bab-al-Mandab at the gate of the Indian Ocean. Although no more than the accumulation of billions of coral polyps—minute creatures that produce a calcareous deposit—the reefs have grown to fantastic sizes, the largest being the 1,200 mile-long Great Barrier Reef in Australia.

What does the sentence "So I did" convey? The author.

slipped a pair of flippers onto his feet.

saw glimpses of sunlight.

exaggerated the lovely world below water.

None of these

Correct Choice - option (5)

The author returned to that incredible lovely world below.

What did author do at the coast near Jeddah?

Fell down in a minor accident

Drowned into the Red Sea

Dived into the Red Sea

Walked on the sandy coast

None of these

Correct Choice - option (3)

The author uses the word diving in the last sentence of the first paragraph.

What made the author revisit the underwater reef?

Placid surface of the Red Sea

Glimpses of the sunlight

Clear blue sea water

Scenic beauty of the underwater world

Correct Choice - option (4)

This is the best answer when considered in totality.

Through the passage, the author gives an account of

his underwater journey by a submarine.

how he was fascinated by the underwater world.

his hobby of fishing.

his expertise in the art of photography.

None of these

Correct Choice - option (2)

This is what made diving a passion for him and later led to an interest in underwater photography.

In what way is the Red Sea SIMILAR to the Caribean sea, the South Seas, etc?

(A) Variety of fish

(B) Fantastic reefs

(C) Clear and transparent water

A only

B only

C only

All the three

None of these

Correct Choice - option (3)

The passage says: "Furthermore, the water of the Red Sea, like the Caribbean, the South Seas and parts of the Indian Ocean, is so transparent..."

Which of the following changes occurred in the author after the initial period of a year or so?

(A) He got fed up with hunting.

(B) He was struck with the idea of shooting the fish with a camera rather than by spear gun.

(C) Hunting became more interesting and sporting.

A only

B only

A and C only

A and B only

All the three

Correct Choice - option (4)

Read the first two sentences of the third paragraph.

Fishing in the Red Sea off the coast near Jeddah was

difficult because the water was transparent.

risky because tanks are needed to spot the fish.

easy because the fish are clearly visible near the surface itself.

cumbersome because of the tools like mask, snorkel tube, flippers, etc.

more difficult than at the Caribbean Sea, the South Sea and the Indian Ocean.

Correct Choice - option (3)

Read the first three sentences of the second paragraph.

What are "fringing reefs"?

Calcareous deposit formation

Collection of fish

Sea-food accumulation

Collection of minute creatures other than fish

None of these

Correct Choice - option (1)

Choose the word that is SIMILAR in meaning to the word 'GINGERLY' as used in the passage.

GINGERLY

Cautiously

Recklessly

Unintentionally

Purposely

Clearly

Correct Choice - option (1)

The meaning of the word 'GINGERLY' is in a careful or cautious manner especially so as to avoid causing harm or making a noise'.

Outcome means the way a thing turns out; a consequence. Here the words 'Outcome' and 'beginning' are antonymous.

Choose the word that is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning of the word 'Outcome' as used in the passage.

Choose the word that is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning of the word 'RECALL' as used in the passage.

Call up

Recollect

Send back

Invite

Forget

Correct Choice - option (5)

Recall means bring (a fact, event, or situation) back into one's mind; remember. Here the words 'Recall' and 'Forget' are antonymous.

Choose the word that is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning of the word 'FANTASTIC' as used in the passage.

Incredible

Plausible

Realistic

Unforgettable

Imaginary

Correct Choice - option (3)

Fantastic means imaginative or fanciful; remote from reality. Here the words 'Fantastic' and 'Realistic' are antonymous.

We are tempted to assume that technological progress is the real progress and that material success is the criterion of civilisation. If the eastern people become fascinated by machines and techniques and use them as Western nations do, to build industrial organizations and large military establishments, they will get involved in power politics and drift into the danger of death. Scientific and Technological civilisation brings opportunities and great rewards but also great risks and temptations. If machines get into the saddle all our progress will have been in vain. The problem facing us in a universal one. Both east and west are threatened with the same danger and face the same destiny. Science and Technology are neither good nor bad. They are not to be tabooed but tamed and assigned their proper place. They become dangerous only if they become idols.

What is man tempted to assume?

Western nations are superior to eastern nations.

Science and technology pose no danger to humanity.

Technological progress is the real progress.

As such there is nothing wrong with machines.

None of these

Ans-3

Read the first line of the passage.

When do science and technology become dangerous?

when they become idols

when they are used with temptation

when their advantages are not used judiciously

when it is assumed that material success is the criterion of civilisation

None of these

Ans-1

Read the last sentence of the passage.

What will happen if eastern people use machines?

It will bring great opportunities and rewards to them.

It will show the victory of mind over matter.

They will realise that it is not an end in itself.

They will get involved in power politics and drift into the danger of death.

None of these

Ans-4

Read the second sentence of the passage.

Which of the following statements is/are true in the context of the passage?

(A) Science and technology are neither good nor bad.

(B) Through machines man can achieve all progress.

(C) Science and technology bring great risks and temptations

A and B

A and C

B and C

A, B and C

None of these

A and C is/are true in the context of the passage.

Choose the word that is SIMILAR in meaning to the word 'Tabooed' as used in the passage.

Confined

Accepted

Damaged

Criticised

Forbidden

Ans-5

Tabooed means prohibited or restricted by social custom. Here the words 'Tabooed' and 'Forbidden' are SIMILAR in meaning.

Choose the word that is SIMILAR in meaning to the word 'Vain' as used in the passage.

Futile

Successful

Productive

Victorious

Fortunate

Ans-1

Vain means producing no result; useless.

Choose the word that is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning of the word 'Fascinated' as used in the passage.

Engross

Beguile

Captivate

Repel

Allure

Ans-4

Fascinated means strongly attracted and interested. Here the words 'Fascinated' and 'repel' are antonymous.

To cry wolf

To come to what is most important

To give false alarm

To turn pale

To be astonished

To run away

Ans-2

"To cry wolf" means call for help when it is not needed, with the effect that one is not believed when one really does need help. Here, "To give false alarm" is the right option.

Look at the sentence:

He has often worried the villages by crying wolf even in trivial matters.

To eat humble pie

To go to ruins

To be earnest

To refuse after consenting

To apologise

"To eat humble pie" means make a humble apology and accept humiliation. Here, "To apologise" is the right option.

Look at the sentence:

He will have to eat humble pie at training after being sent off for punching.

To take to one's heels

To act against one's own interest

To assault

To run away

To have concern

To ruin oneself

"To take to one's heels" means run away. Here, "To run away" is the right option.

Look at the sentence:

As the thief saw the police he took to his heels.

To be hard up

To look depressed

To keep starvation away

To act excitedly

To be short of money

To behave like a fool

"To be hard up" means short of money. Here, "To be short of money" is the right option.

Look at the sentence:

I'm too hard up to buy fancy clothes.

A wild goose chase

An absurdly hopeless enterprise

A fuss over a trifling matter

To be insensitive to criticism

To speak boastfully of oneself

To protect oneself from wild animals

"A wild goose chase" means a foolish and hopeless search for or pursuit of something unattainable.

Here, "An absurdly hopeless enterprise" is the right option.

Look at the sentence:

Physicists searching for the hypothetical particle may be on a wild goose chase.

Last night some people had their dinner in a good hotel. The hotel management, however, was careless about the hygienic conditions in the hotel. But there were many people who suffered from food poisoning.

Certain mammals live in ocean. They look like fish and some of them like whales are of enormous size. Their gaint size is matter of curiosity for all of us.

She is very much fond of children. She glows with happiness while teaching them and some emotional bond is generated between her and the children. The fact that she enjoys teaching them can be attributed to this factor.

Eradication of illiteracy has been one of the primary objectives of planning in India. Every student should come forward on his own for educating at least twelve illiterate persons in a year. Unless we have strong will-power for taking such a vital step, the realization of the objective is not possible.

A messenger from 'X' bank's chairman called on the manager of our branch to deliver a special letter. The secretary to the manager requested the messenger to wait for a while in the lounge as the manager was busy in meeting with some other VIPs.

In part II, the correct form of preposition should be 'at' instead of 'in'.

In part I, Use 'have' instead of 'has' for plural entity.

In part III, 'includes' is grammatically incorrect; use 'including' here with respect to the tense of the statement.

In part I, 'women' is already a plural noun, so apostrophe should be used before 's'.

In part II, as the sentence is in simple past, use 'continued' instead of 'continuing'.

Directions: In the following questions, some part of the sentence is underlined. Which of the options given below the sentence should replace the part underlined to make the sentence grammatically correct? If the sentence is correct as it is given then choose option (5) 'No improvement' as the answer.

By 2030 India would have become the most populous country in the world.

could have become

should have become

will have become

No improvement

Ans-4

'By 2030' shows the time of future and to refer to the time of future we use "will/shall". 'would' is used in past context.

The exhausted travelers seemed relieved when the train finally pulled onto the station.

came into

pulled in

pulled into

pulled up

No improvement

Ans-2

Pull in means: (of a bus or train) arrive to take passengers. Hence option (2) is the correct choice.

Even she had taken a taxi, she would have been late.

Even though she has

No improvement

Ans-1

Use grammar rule, If + Subject + had + 3rd form of verb…..+ Subject + would have+ 3rd form of verb.

Many a man have died of cancer.

have died from

have been dying of

has died of

have been died from

No improvement

Ans-3

Many a man is a Singular Subject. Hence Singular Verb i.e. has died of should be used.

Correct Choice - option (4)

These Acts were (1) pushed through the Parliament (2) in spite of modification (3)/but with little opposition. (4)

Correct Choice - option (2)

Here, 3-4 i.e, 'opposition-modification, organization-operations' will be replaced to make the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. The sentence thus formed is,

These Acts were pushed through the Parliament in spite of opposition but with little modification.

Hardly had she finished her dinner (then) the doorbell rang.

when

then

while

where

than

Ans- 1

With hardly the word when is used.

Directions: Read the sentence to find out whether there is an error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number corresponding to that will be your answer. If the given sentence is correct as it is, In that case, mark the answer as 'No error' . Ignore the errors of punctuation, If any.

No country can long endure (a) / if its foundations (b) / were not laid deep (c) / in the material prosperity. (d) / No error (e)

Correct option = C

'Laid' will be used instead of 'lain'

Our school is making (a) / every possible effort (b) / to provide best facilities (c) / and personal attention for each child. (d) / No error (e)

Correct option = D

'for' will be used instead of 'to'

We have done everthing (a) / that could be done (b) / to avert the storm (c) / which is now coming on. (d) / No error (e)

Correct option = B

'could be done' will be used instead of 'could have been done'

If the banks desire to __________ profit, they should get rid of populist measures.

Correct option = B

increase

Sentence Improvement

id- 628

Single Filler

id- 629

idiom

id- 630

Direction: In each sentence below four words that the printed in bold have been lettered (1), (2), (3), (4), and (5). One of them may be wrongly spelt or inappropriate in the context of the sentence. Find out the word, which is wrongly spelt or inappropriate if there is any. The letter of that word is the answer. If all the words, which are printed in bold, are correctly spelt and appropriate in the context of the sentence, mark (5) as the answer i.e. All correct.

in each Question below, a sentence is given with four words given in Bold in the sentence. Among these bold words one may be wrongly spelt. The option of that word is the answer. If all four words are correctly spelt mark e. i.e. 'All Correct' as the answer.

This type (1)/ of flower generally (2)/ grows on river bangs (3)/ and near streams (4)/ All correct (5)/.

The correct spelling is 'banks'

She cheated (1) in the literature (2) test by coping (3) from the boy sitting beside her (4)/ All correct (5).

The correct spelling is 'Copying'

My father prefers (1) photographing (2) nature rathar (3) than people (4)/ All correct (5).

The correct spelling is 'rather'

The gready man (1)/ wanted the method (2)/ to become (3)/ rich in the shortest possible time (4)/ All correct (5).

The correct spelling is 'greedy'

You should delay (1)/ your plan to acquier (2)/ that company owing (3)/ to the risk involved (4)/ All correct (5).

The correct spelling is 'acquire'.

Directions: Read the sentence to find out whether there is an error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number corresponding to that will be your answer. If the given sentence is correct as it is, In that case, mark the answer as 'No error' . Ignor the errors of punctuation, If any.

The significant (1)/ future (2)/ is that none of the ancient Indian scientists claimed (3)/ originality (4)/ of their theories. No error. (5)

Ans - 2

If should be 'feature' instead of 'future' to make the sentence meaningful.

Sentence improvement

He is some how tall for his age.

(1)No improvement

(2)rather

(3)many

4)much

Ans- (2)

Rather = fairly or to some degree

45.The notorious criminal went to the police to go to prison.

(1)submitted to the police

(2)surrendered himself before the police

(3)No improvement

(4)gave him self up for the police

Ans-(2)

Surrender = allow yourself to be caught, taken prisoner

Mr. Mukherjee knows ten languages, isn’t it?

(1)No improvement

(2)doesn’t Mr. Mukherjee

(3)has n’t he

(4)does n’t he

Ans-(4)

The sentence is in Present Simple (affirmative) Hence question tag should be In negative (present simple).

20.I am the secretary of the sports. clubs since its formation five years ago.

(1)was

(2)have been

(4)No improvement

Ans- (2) It is evident that the Job continues for a period of time.Hence, Present Perfect Continuousshould be used have been is the right usage.

He did not give me ________ books.

(1)more

(2)any

(3)much

(4)No improvement'

5) some

Ans- (2) As the sentence shows negative sense,anyshould be used heir

Your carelessness will all the benefits you derived from your hard work.

Your carelessness will all the benefits you derived from your hard work.

Professionals focus their energies on fulfilling their responsibilities and achieving results, not on portraying a particular image.

Professionals focus their energies (1)/ on fulfilling their responsibilities (2)/ and portraying results, (3)/ not on achieving a particular image. (4)

sentence rearrangement

id - 579

sentence rearrangement

id - 572

Cloze test

id - 573

RC

id - 445

Cloze test

id - 522

Sentence improvement

id - 524

sentence rearrangement

id - 523

sentence improvement or phrase replacement

id - 515

Cloze test

id - 446

sentence rearrangement

id - 447

sentence rearrangement

id - 703

sentence rearrangement

id - 488

sentence rearrangement

id - 467

RC

id - 466

Quant TDS

ID- 9970

Small Puzzle not used

id - puzzle- 473

sentence rearrangement

id - 463

English Passage  not used

id- 453

ID- 437 not used

The corruption charges were a huge blow to his reputation and his business suffered to a great extent.

The corruption charges were (1)/ a huge blow to his reputation (2)/ and his business suffered  (3) to a great extent. (4)

The disparity between the earnings of the poor and the rich has widened in the last few decades.

The disparity between the (1)/ earnings of the poor and (2)/ the rich has widened in (3)/ the last few decades. (4)

In its final decision, the court ruled that all the allegations levelled against the accused were flase and baseless.

In its final decision, the court (1)/ ruled that all the allegations (2)/ baseless against the (3)/ accused were flase and levelled. (4)

The animal rescuers anaesthetised the dog which had been in great pain after having met with an accident.

The animal rescuers met the dog (1)/ which had been in great pain (2)/ after having anaesthetised (3)/ with an accident. (4)

If the complaint is not addressed within thirty days bring the matter to notice of the RBI customer services department.

If the complaint is not (1)/ notice within thirty days bring (2)/ the matter to addressed of the RBI (3)/ customer services department. (4)

In order to earn a decent living we need to have a good job which pays a substantial amount of money.

In order to earn a decent (1)/ living we need to have (2)/ a substantial job which pays (3)/ a good amount of money.

Direction: In each of the following questions an idiomatic expression and its four possible meanings are given. Find out the correct meaning of the idiomatic expression and mark the number of that meaning as your answer. If you do not find any correct answer, mark (5), i.e. None of these, as your answer.

To rank and files

The ordinary members of a society

Bring about appeasement in a disturbed situation

A fuss over a trifling matter

An established secured right

"Rank and file" means ordinary soldiers; ordinary undistinguished people; members of a group of organization. Here, "The ordinary members of a society" is the right option.

Look at the sentence:

The deal was rejected by a large majority of the rank and file within the union.

To make a long face

To be short of money

To make a gain that is legitimate

To be friendly with

To look oppressed

"To make a long face" means to get angry. Here, "To look oppressed" is the right option.

Look at the sentence:

He makes a long face when his mother scolds him.

In apple pie order

To change for the better

Expose ones inner feelings to others

Perfectly methodical arrangement

To escape from danger

"In apple pie order" means very neatly arranged. Here, "Perfectly methodical arrangement"

is the right option.

Look at the sentence:

I always put my desk in apple-pie order every morning.

Directions: Read the sentence to find out whether there is an error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number corresponding to that will be your answer. If the given sentence is correct as it is, In that case, mark the answer as 'No error' . Ignore the errors of punctuation, If any.

One day, he decided (1)/ to sculpt a statue of truth (2)/ which he believed would control (3)/ the behaviour of the people (4)/ No error (5).

No error.

The fox enjoyed his role as (1)/ a king and animals stronger than (2)/ him served him by (3)/ hunting for his food and obeying him (4)/ No error (5). In option (2)

No error.

He has no right (1)/ to take a claim on (2)/ his father's property as he did not (3)/ look after him in his old age. (4) / No error (5)

stake a claim is a phrase which means to ask for something as one's own.

'stake' will be used instead of 'take'

It is wishful thinking (A)/ you can improve (B)/ the situation by doing (C)/ away from such people. (D)/ No error (E)

Do away with means: to remove it completely.
It is wishful thinking you can improve the situation by (doing away with) such people.

Directions: Each question below has one blank, which is indicating that something has been omitted. Find out which option can be used to fill up the blank in the sentence in the same sequence to make it meaningfully complete.

16. The three daughters divided the property __________ themselves.

(1)for

(2)to

(3)among

(4)No improvement

5) between

Ans- (3) For more than two persons, amongshould beused betweenisused for two person

The train is running _____________ time.

late

(1)after

(2)behind

(3)off

(4)No improvement

Ans- 3) ahead of / behind time:earlier /later than was expected. Hence, as the sense suggests behind should be used here

Hardly had he finished his work __________ the peon arrived with another file.

when

then

while

where

than

Ans- 1

With hardly the word when is used.

Job performance is affected by a number of factors. Motivation alone does not lead to increase in performance. Ability and technology moderates the relationship between motivation and performance. The higher the levels of ability and motivation, the higher the level of performance will be. However, increasing motivation beyond an optimal level tends to produce a dysfunctional result because it is accompanied by an increasing level of anxiety. A high level of anxiety often disrupts performances.

The relationship between satisfaction and performance is not clear. Satisfaction may or may not lead to high performance depending on the perceived availability of valued outcomes and the perceived expectancy that a person's effort and performance will lead to receiving the valued rewards. If the person expects that his performance will lead to increased rewards which he values the level of his motivational effort will increase; if he anticipates less, his motivational effort will be lower.

The relationship between job dissatisfaction and poor performance seems to be clear than that between satisfactions and performance. Dissatisfaction leads to poor performance by means of apathy, absenteeism, turnover, sabotage, and strike. In addition, high performers are more vulnerable to job dissatisfaction because they tend to expect more from their jobs than low performers.

Job satisfaction is more closely related to the decision to join and remain in an organisation than to the motivation to produce. The motivation to produce largely depends on the availability of valued outcomes (valence), the perceived instrumentality of performance for receiving incentive rewards, and the perceived expectancy that efforts leads to performance. The task of satisfying employees is much easier than the task of motivating them because the former can be achieved by rewarding them while the latter requires such additional constraints as establishing performance reward contingencies and designing motivating work systems.

Choose the word that is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning of the word 'Outcome' as used in the passage.

result

denouement

aftermath

beginning

consequence

Correct Choice - option (4)

Outcome means the way a thing turns out; a consequence. Here the words 'Outcome' and 'beginning' are antonymous.

Choose the word that is SIMILAR in meaning to the word 'Vulnerable' as used in the passage.

resilient

flexible

unsafe

harmless

innocuous

Correct Choice - option (3)

Vulnerable means exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally. Here the words 'Vulnerable' and 'unsafe' are synonymous.

If it is possible to make a three-digit number from the third, the fifth and sixth digits of the number 23651972, using each digit only once, which is the square of an odd number the last digit of that three-digit number is your answer. If no such number can be formed your answer is 4 and if more than one such number can be formed your answer is 8.

1

4

9

6

8

The third, fifth and sixth digits are 6, 1 and 9.

The odd number squares that can be formed are 169 and 961.

Study the following graph and table carefully and answer the questions given below it:

Percentage of Males, Females and Children Living in Various Colonies

Total Number of Residents in Various Colonies

 Colonies Residents P 6020 Q 5200 R 4850 S 4900 T 5640

What is the total number of females in colonies P, Q and R together?

Number of female in colony P = 6020 × $\frac{25}{100}$ = 1505

Number of female in colony Q = 5200 × $\frac{39}{100}$ = 2028

Number of female in colony R = 4850 × $\frac{44}{100}$ = 2134

Now, the total number of females in colonies P, Q and R together = 1505 + 2028 + 2134 = 5667

The number of children in colony P are approximately what percent of the number of children in colony T?

Number of children in colony P = 6020 × $\frac{10}{100}$ = 602

Number of children in colony T = 5640 × $\frac{10}{100}$ = 564

Required % = $\frac{602}{564}$ × 100 = 106% (approx)

What is the respective ratio of the number of males in colony Q to the number of females in the same colony?

Number of male in colony Q = 5200 × $\frac{48}{100}$ = 2496

Number of female in colony Q = 5200 × $\frac{39}{100}$ = 2028

Required ratio = 2496 : 2028

= 16 : 13

What is the average number of residents from all the colonies together?

Required average = $\frac{6020 + 5200 + 4850 + 4900 + 5640}{5}$

= $\frac{26610}{5}$

= 5322

What is the difference between the number of males in colony S and the number of children in the same colony?

Number of male in colony S = 4900 × $\frac{42}{100}$ = 2058

Number of children in colony S = 4900 × $\frac{17}{100}$ = 833

Required difference = 2058 – 833

= 1225

RC
ID-483

CLOZE TEST

ID-484

Single filler

id-476

SENTENCE REARRANGEMENT

ID-486

SPOTTING ERROR

ID-477

SENTENCE IMPROVEMENT

ID-480

PHRASE REPLACEMENT

ID-472

RC

ID-413

SENTENCE REARRANGEMENT

ID-414

CLOZE TEST

ID-415

SPOTTING ERROR

ID-431

DOUBLE FILLER

ID-432

RC

ID-404

CLOZE TEST

ID- 405

SENTENCE REARRANGEMENT

ID- 406

SINGLE FILLER

ID- 426

SPOTTING ERROR

ID - 425

filler

id- 493

Cloze Test

id-522

Best RC

id- 559

Cloze Test

id-560

RC

ID-608

Sentence Rearrangement

id-609

SINGLE FILLER

id-555

SENTENCE IMPROVEMENT

ID- 556

RC

id-674

Sentence Rearrangement

id-678

CLOZE TEST

id- 673

SINGLE FILLER

id- 609

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