The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary: 14th August 2020

1. RATIFICATION (NOUN): (अनुसमर्थन) the action of signing or giving formal consent to a treaty, contract, or agreement, making it officially valid

Synonyms: confirmation, substantiation

Antonyms: disaffirmation

Example Sentence:

Ratification of the treaty raised problems in several member states.


2. RATIFY (VERB): (पुष्टि करना) sign or give formal consent to (a treaty, contract, or agreement)

Synonyms: confirm, approve

Antonyms: reject

Example Sentence:

Both countries were due to ratify the treaty by the end of the year.


3. PROHIBIT (VERB): (निषेध) formally forbid someone from doing something.

Synonyms: ban, proscribe

Antonyms: permit

Example Sentence:

Soviet citizens were prohibited from travelling abroad.


4. ENORMITY (NOUN): (दुष्टता) the great or extreme scale, seriousness

Synonyms: malignancy

Antonyms: goodness

Example Sentence:

A thorough search disclosed the full enormity of the crime.


5. ABOLITION (NOUN): (उन्मूलन) scrapping

Synonyms: ending, eradication

Antonyms: creation

Example Sentence:

They preach the abolition of established systems but propose nothing to replace them.


6. SCOURGE (VERB): (कष्ट देना) cause great suffering to

Synonyms: afflict, oppress

Antonyms: blessing

Example Sentence:

Political methods used to scourge and oppress workers.


7. COPARCENARY (NOUN): (संदायादता) coparcenary is a term often used in matters related to the Hindu succession law.


8. ANOMALY (NOUN): (अवैधता) something that deviates from what is standard, normal, or expected.

Synonyms: oddity, illegality

Antonyms: conformity

Example Sentence:

There are a number of anomalies in the present system.


9. PRIOR TO (PHRASE): (के पहले) before

Synonyms:  previously, earlier

Antonyms: after

Example Sentence:

He worked as a translator prior to becoming an ESL teacher.

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