The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary: 19th August 2020

1. ERR ON THE SIDE OF CAUTION (PHRASE): to be especially careful rather than taking a risk or making a mistake

Synonyms: attentiveness

Antonyms: carelessness

Example Sentence:

I like to err on the side of caution and always keep some money in my savings account.


2. DEFER (VERB): (आस्थगित करना) put off (an action or event) to a later time; postpone.

Synonyms: delay, adjourn

Antonyms: continue

Example Sentence:

They deferred the decision until September.


3. IMPUGN (VERB): (बहस करना) dispute the truth, validity, or honesty of (a statement or motive).

Synonyms: challenge, impeach

Antonyms: support

Example Sentence:

The father does not impugn her capacity as a good mother.


4. CONDONE (VERB): (माफ करना) forgive

Synonyms: disregard, accept

Antonyms: condemn

Example Sentence:

The college cannot condone any behaviour that involves illicit drugs.

5. SANGUINE (ADJ.): (आशावादी) optimistic or positive, especially in an apparently bad or difficult situation.

Synonyms: confident, buoyant

Antonyms: pessimistic

Example Sentence:

He is sanguine about prospects for the global economy.


6. STRICTURE (NOUN): (बाधा) a restriction on a person or activity.

Synonyms: constraint, restraint

Antonyms: freedom

Example Sentence:

The strictures imposed by the British Board of Film Censors.


7. SOAR (VERB): (बढ़ना) increase rapidly

Synonyms: escalate, surge

Antonyms: plummet

Example Sentence:

The cost of living continued to soar.


8. HOSTILITY (NOUN): (विरोधभाव) unfriendliness

Synonyms: bitterness, malevolence

Antonyms: friendliness

Example Sentence:

Peace talks were stalled after recent hostilities.

9. EXCLUDE (VERB): (वर्जित करना) deny (someone) access to a place, group, or privilege.

Synonyms: prohibit, banish

Antonyms: accept

Example Sentence:

The public were excluded from the board meeting.


10. DEMARCATE (VERB): (सीमांकन करना) separate or distinguish from.

Synonyms: divide, delimit

Antonyms: combine

Example Sentence:

Art was being demarcated from the more objective science.


11. ALLIANCE (NOUN): the state of being joined or associated.

Synonyms: union, treaty

Antonyms: disunion

Example Sentence:

His party is in alliance with the Greens.

12. OSTENSIBLE (ADJ.): (काल्पनिक) stated or appearing to be true, but not necessarily so.

Synonyms: seeming, superficial

Antonyms: genuine

Example Sentence:

The real dispute which lay behind the ostensible complaint.


13. INFURIATE (VERB): (क्रोधित करना) make (someone) extremely angry and impatient.

Synonyms: enrage, provoke

Antonyms: soothe

Example Sentence:

Her racist attitudes infuriated her co-workers.

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