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The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary: 27th August 2020

 

1. PROGNOSIS (NOUN): (पूर्वानुमान) a forecast of the likely outcome of a situation.

Synonyms: forecast, prediction

Antonyms: proof

Example Sentence:

The prognosis for next year looks healthier but far from fit.

 

2. STRAINED (ADJ): (तनावपूर्ण) showing signs of nervous tension or tiredness.

Synonyms: weary, spurious

Antonyms: calm

Example Sentence:

Both departments have been strained due to drastic federal budget cuts.

 

3. AVERSION (NOUN): (विमुखता) a strong dislike or disinclination.

Synonyms: abhorrence, disinclination

Antonyms: preference

Example Sentence:

They made plain their aversion to the use of force.

 

4. MANIFEST (ADJ): show (a quality or feeling) by one's acts or appearance; demonstrate.

Synonyms: exhibit, demonstrate

Antonyms: hide

Example Sentence:

Lizzy manifested signs of severe depression.

 

5. UNPRECEDENTED (ADJ): never done or known before.

Synonyms: unparalleled, unmatched

Antonyms: normal

Example Sentence:

The government took the unprecedented step of releasing confidential correspondence.

 

6. RETRENCHMENT (NOUN): (व्यय में कमी) the reduction of costs or spending in response to economic difficulty.

Synonyms: curtailment, diminution

Antonyms: expansion

Example Sentence:

Facing retrenchment can be a frightening experience.

 

7. EVISCERATE (VERB): deprive (something) of its essential content.

Synonyms: exenterate, disembowel

Antonyms: redirect

Example Sentence:

Myriad little concessions that would eviscerate the project.

 

8. STRAPPED (ADJ): (तंगी) short of money.

Synonyms: penniless, impecunious

Antonyms: wealthy

Example Sentence:

I'm constantly strapped for cash.

 

9. LEEWAY (NOUN): (स्वतंत्रता) the amount of freedom to move or act that is available.

Synonyms: liberty, scope

Antonyms: constraint

Example Sentence:

The government had greater leeway to introduce reforms.

 

10. LOATH (ADJ): (अनिच्छुक) reluctant; unwilling.

Synonyms: averse, disinclined

Antonyms: willing

Example Sentence:

She was loath to admit her mistakes.

 

11. SADDLE (VERB): burden (someone) with an onerous responsibility or task.

Synonyms: encumber, load

Antonyms: relieve

Example Sentence:

She's saddled with debts of $12 million.

 

12. MARSHAL (VERB): (क्रमबद्ध करना) assemble and arrange (a group of people, especially troops) in order.

Synonyms: organize, align

Antonyms: disperse

Example Sentence:

The general marshalled his troops.

 

13. MEAGRE (ADJ): (अल्प) (of something provided or available) lacking in quantity or quality.

Synonyms: inadequate, scanty

Antonyms: abundant

Example Sentence:

They were forced to supplement their meagre earnings.

 

14. PRUDENTLY (ADV): (बुद्धिमानी से) in a way that shows care and thought for the future.

Synonyms: sagacious, shrewd

Antonyms: imprudent

Example Sentence:

We must act prudently to safeguard jobs.

 

15. A SHOT IN THE DARK (PHRASE): an act whose outcome cannot be foreseen; a guess.

Synonyms: surmise, speculation

Antonyms: certainty

Example Sentence:

Their experiments were little more than shots in the dark.

 

16. DECIMATE (VERB): drastically reduce the strength or effectiveness of (something).

Synonyms: demolish, annihilate

Antonyms: preserve

Example Sentence:

Public transport has been decimated.

 

17. CONTENTION (NOUN): (विवाद) heated disagreement.

Synonyms: dispute, hostility

Antonyms: agreement

Example Sentence:

The captured territory was the main area of contention between the two countries.

 

18. PREPOSTEROUS (ADJ): (ऊटपटांग) contrary to reason or common sense; utterly absurd or ridiculous.

Synonyms: ludicrous, senseless

Antonyms: sensible

Example Sentence:

His idea of selling dead bugs for big money is totally preposterous!



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