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The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary: 27th July 2020

 

1SCANDALISE (VERB):  (भयभीत करना) shock or horrify

Synonyms: outrage, appal

Antonyms: impress

Example Sentence:

Their lack of manners scandalized their hosts.

 

2CONTEMPT (NOUN): (निंदा) scorn

Synonyms: disdain, disrespect

Antonyms: respect

Example Sentence:

She was arrested for contempt of court.

 

3Accountable (ADJ.): (उत्तरदायी) responsible

Synonyms: liable, answerable

Antonyms: irresponsible

Example Sentence:

He is accountable to the management for what he does.

 

4INITIATION (NOUN): (शुरूआत) beginning

Synonyms: introduce, starting

Antonyms: finish

Example Sentence:

This was also the initiation of underground electricity cables in the town.

 

5RETAIN (VERB): (बनाए रखने के) continue to have

Synonyms: keep, maintain

Antonyms: lose

Example Sentence:

Labour retained the seat.

 

6DEEM (VERB): (समझना) regard or consider

Synonyms: judge, believe

Antonyms: neglect

Example Sentence:

The event was deemed a great success.

 

7UNINHIBITED (ADJ): (बेहिचक) carefree

Synonyms: unrestrained, reckless

Antonyms: controlled

Example Sentence:

Yong children are usually uninhibited and naturally outgoing.

 

8ALLEGATION (NOUN): (आरोप) claim

Synonyms: assertion, contention

Antonyms: obviate

Example Sentence:

He made allegations of corruption against the administration.

 

9INNUENDO (NOUN): an allusive or oblique remark or hint

Synonyms: overtone, taunt

Antonyms: proof

Example Sentence:

She's always making sly innuendoes.

 

10LATITUDE (NOUN): (छूट) freedom

Synonyms: scope, leeway

Antonyms: restriction

Example Sentence:

Journalists have considerable latitude in criticizing public figures.

 

11STRIDENT (ADJ): (कठोर) loud and harsh

Synonyms: raucous, rough

Antonyms: dulcet

Example Sentence:

His voice had become increasingly strident.

 

12HAUL (VERB): (खींचना) pull or drag 

Synonyms: manhandle, tug

Antonyms: push

Example Sentence:

He hauled his bike out of the shed.

 

13ABOLISH (VERB): (समाप्त करना) put an end to

Synonyms: obliterate, eradicate

Antonyms: retain

Example Sentence:

The tax was abolished in 1977.

 

14SCOTCH (VERB): (अंत कर देना) decisively put an end to.

Synonyms: ruin, demolish

Antonyms: 

Example Sentence:

A spokesman has scotched the rumours.

 

15RESTRAIN (VERB): (नियंत्रित करना) prevent (someone or something) from doing something; keep under control

Synonyms: impede, constrain

Antonyms: compel

Example Sentence:

He could barely restrain his anger.

 

16CONVENE (VERB): come or bring together for a meeting or activity

Synonyms: assemble, hold

Antonyms: disperse

Example Sentence:

He had convened a secret meeting of military personnel.

 

17IMPERATIVE (ADJ): (अनिवार्य) crucial

Synonyms: essential, necessary

Antonyms: unimportant

Example Sentence:

Water is imperative for survival.

 

18OPTIMISM (NOUN): (आशावाद) hopefulness and confidence

Synonyms: hope, buoyancy

Antonyms: pessimism

Example Sentence:

The talks had been amicable and there were grounds for optimism.



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