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The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary: 29th August 2020

 

1. COERCIVE (ADJ.): (बलपूर्वक) using force or threats to make someone do something.

Synonyms: forcibly, pressing

Antonyms: conditional

Example Sentence:

The president relied on the coercive powers of the military.

 

2. SYMPTOMATIC (ADJ): (सूचक) serving as a symptom or sign, especially of something undesirable.

Synonyms: indicative, indicatory

Antonyms: untypical

Example Sentence:

These difficulties are symptomatic of fundamental problems.

 

3. CALLOUSNESS (NOUN): (बेरहमी) insensitive and cruel disregard for others.

Synonyms: obduracy, insensitivity

Antonyms: sensibility

Example Sentence:

She felt the rules showed a callousness and indifference to the suffering of others.

 

4. ABDICATION (NOUN): (त्याग) failure to fulfil a responsibility or duty.

Synonyms: renunciation

Antonyms: acceptance

Example Sentence:

It was a total abdication of responsibility, in my opinion.

5. CHARADE (NOUN): (शब्द पहेली) an absurd pretence intended to create a pleasant or respectable appearance.

Synonyms: masquerade

Antonyms: candidness

Example Sentence:

Talk of unity was nothing more than a charade.

 

6. OBFUSCATE (VERB): (अस्पष्ट करना) make obscure, unclear, or unintelligible.

Synonyms: confuse, muddle

Antonyms: clarify

Example Sentence:

The suspect often obfuscated during the interrogation.

 

7. REINFORCE (VERB): (सुदृढ बनाना) strengthen or support.

Synonyms: fortify

Antonyms: weaken

Example Sentence:

The helmet has been reinforced with a double layer of cork.

 

8. AMBIGUITY (NOUN): (अस्पष्टता) inexactness.

Synonyms: ambivalence, obscurity

Antonyms: transparency

Example Sentence:

We can detect no ambiguity in this section of the Act.

 

9. SUCCOUR (NOUN): (सहायता) assistance and support in times of hardship and distress.

Synonyms: support, help

Antonyms: discourage

Example Sentence:

She mingles with poor people and provides succour to them.



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