The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary: 29th July 2020


1. LEVY (VERB): (कर लगाना) impose (a tax, fee, or fine).

Synonyms: charge, exact

Antonyms: disband

Example Sentence:

A tax of two per cent was levied on all cargoes.


2. WAYLAY (VERB): (ताक में रहना) stop or interrupt (someone)

Synonyms: ambush, assail

Antonyms: allow

Example Sentence:

He waylaid me on the stairs.


3. CONTRACTION (NOUN): (संकुचन) decline

Synonyms: shrinking, dwindling

Antonyms: expansion

Example Sentence:

The general contraction of the industry did further damage to morale.


4. DETRIMENTAL (ADJ.): (हानि पहुंचानेवाला) tending to cause harm

Synonyms: inimical, deleterious

Antonyms: beneficial

Example Sentence:

Recent policies have been detrimental to the interests of many old people.


5. DENT (VERB): have an adverse effect on; diminish.

Synonyms: weaken, lessen

Antonyms: increase

Example Sentence:

This neither deterred him nor dented his enthusiasm.


6. DISCRETIONARY (ADJ.): (स्वैच्छिक) optional

Synonyms: non-compulsory, voluntary

Antonyms: obligatory

Example Sentence:

There has been an increase in year-end discretionary bonuses.


7. CONJURE (VERB): implore (someone) to do something.

Synonyms: entreat., importune

Antonyms: deprecate

Example Sentence:

He conjured him to return.


8. CONTINGENT (ADJ.): (आकस्मिक) unexpected

Synonyms: accidental, unforeseen

Antonyms: predictable

Example Sentence:

Our plans are contingent on the weather.


9. CONUNDRUM (NOUN): (समस्या) a confusing and difficult problem

Synonyms: dilemma, enigma

Antonyms: solution

Example Sentence:

One of the most difficult conundrums for the experts.


10. CONVENE (VERB): come or bring together for a meeting or activity

Synonyms: assemble, hold

Antonyms: disperse

Example Sentence:

He had convened a secret meeting of military personnel.


11. AFTERMATH (NOUN): (परिणाम) consequence

Synonyms: repercussion, result

Antonyms: refrain

Example Sentence:

Food prices soared in the aftermath of the drought.

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