The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary: 30th July 2020


1. DETER (VERB): (हतोत्साह करना)discourage

Synonyms: dissuade, intimidate

Antonyms: encourage

Example Sentence:

Only a health problem would deter him from seeking re-election.


2. OSTENSIBLE (ADJ.): (काल्पनिक) stated or appearing to be true, but not necessarily so.

Synonyms: seeming, superficial

Antonyms: genuine

Example Sentence:

The real dispute which lay behind the ostensible complaint.


3RESTRAIN (VERB): (नियंत्रित करना) prevent (someone or something) from doing something; keep under control

Synonyms: impede, constrain

Antonyms: compel

Example Sentence:

He could barely restrain his anger.


4. MANIPULATE (VERB): handle or control (a tool, mechanism, information, etc.) 

Synonyms: exploit, steer

Antonyms: distroy

Example Sentence:

The masses were deceived and manipulated by a tiny group.


5. DECOUPLE (VERB): (अलग करना) separate

Synonyms: disengage, dissociate

Antonyms: combine

Example Sentence:

The mountings effectively decouple movements of the engine from those of the wheels.


6. PROPEL (VERB): drive or push something forwards.

Synonyms: induce, stimulate

Antonyms: discourage

Example Sentence:

The boat is propelled by using a very long paddle.


7. CONSTRAIN (VERB): (मजबूर करना) compel or force (someone) to follow a particular course of action.

Synonyms: coerce, impel

Antonyms: encourage

Example Sentence:

Children are constrained to work in the way the book dictates.


8. ASSERTIVE (ADJ.): (स्वीकारात्मक) having or showing a confident

Synonyms: decisive, determined

Antonyms: retiring

Example Sentence:

The job may call for assertive behaviour.


9. ABIDE (VERB): (पालन करना) obey

Synonyms: accept, observe

Antonyms: reject

Example Sentence:

I said I would abide by their decision.


10. IMPERATIVE (ADJ.): (अनिवार्य) crucial

Synonyms: essential, necessary

Antonyms: unimportant

Example Sentence:

Water is imperative for survival.


11. ACKNOWLEDGE (VERB): (स्वीकार करना) accept

Synonyms: comply, concede

Antonyms: deny

Example Sentence:

The plight of the refugees was acknowledged by the authorities.

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